- Stick to a regular, predictable routine for meals, medication, bathing,
and exercise every day. Only change what isn’t working.
- Find a balance between boredom and overstimulation. Activity is a key part of helping
your loved one avoid depression.
- Look for activities the person is still able to do and focus on them. When necessary,
simplify activities or break them into smaller steps.
People with dementia may forget to eat and drink. Learn how to avoid malnutrition
and reduce mealtime outbursts.
A person with dementia may lose the ability to do many of the things that provided
enjoyment or a sense of purpose, such as gardening or cooking a meal for family
members. One ongoing challenge of dementia-related caregiving is finding meaningful
or enjoyable activities that are within your loved one’s changing abilities.
For example, someone who enjoys cooking but can no longer prepare an entire meal
might peel the potatoes or prepare the green beans. Building on existing skills
is generally better than trying something new.
Routines are essential. By scheduling meals, medication, bathing, and other activities
at the same time each day, you’ll reduce caregiving stress as well as the frequency
and intensity of difficult behavior. Creating a daily to-do list and marking off
achievements can also help provide a sense of structure for both you and your loved
Repeating the same act may provide relief to your loved one. In general, if the
repeated activity doesn’t upset him or her, let it continue. If repetition becomes
extreme or harmful, gently redirect your loved one by providing something else to
Next Step: Learn how to maintain proper nutrition and avoid